6’ 2” x 12’ Vintage Turkmen Yomut Soumak rug from Central Asia circa the mid 1900s. The soumak tapestry-woven has a wool foundation, a wool pile and is in an all-over design which results in a beautifully created tribal rug. The main field color in this Yomut Soumak is a rich red with geometric designs in dark blue and cream colors.
Soumak (also spelled Soumakh, Sumak, Sumac, or Soumac) is a tapestry technique of weaving strong and decorative textiles used as rugs and domestic bags. Baks used for bedding are known as Soumak Mafrash. Soumak is a type of flat weave, somewhat resembling but more robust and thicker than kilim, with a smooth front face and a ragged back, whereas kilim is soft on both sides. Soumak lacks the slits characteristic of kilim, as it is usually woven with supplementary weft threads as continuous supports. The technique involves wrapping colored weft threads over and under the warp threads, adding strength and an embroidery-like pattern.
- Dimensions: 6’ 2” x 12’
- Date of Manufacture: 2nd Quarter of the 1900s
- Place of Origin: Central Asia
- Material: Wool pile on a wool foundation and silk highlights with natural vegetable dyes
- Condition: Excellent